What Is Eczema?
Eczema is a condition where patches of skin become inflamed, itchy, red, cracked, and rough. Blisters may sometimes occur. The word “eczema” is also used specifically to talk about atopic
dermatitis, the most common type of eczema and also Atopic” refers to a collection of diseases involving the immune system, including atopic dermatitis, asthma, and hay fever. Dermatitis is an inflammation of the skin.
Its main cause remains unknown but it is believed to develop due to a combination of genetic and environmental factors.
Most people who are at high risk of this disease are children. They can easily develop eczema if a parent has had the condition or another atopic disease and If both parents have an atopic disease, the risk is even greater.
The environmental causes include;
Irritants: These include soaps, detergents, shampoos, disinfectants, juices from fresh fruits, meats, or vegetables.
Allergens: Dust mites, pets, pollens, mold, and dandruff can lead to eczema.
Microbes: These include bacteria such as Staphylococcus aureus, viruses, and certain fungi.
Hot and cold temperatures: Very hot or cold weather, high and low humidity, and perspiration from exercise can bring out eczema.
Foods: Dairy products, eggs, nuts and seeds, soy products, and wheat can cause eczema flare-ups.
Stress: This is not a direct cause of eczema but can make symptoms worse.
Hormones: Women can experience increased eczema symptoms at times when their hormone levels are changing, for example during pregnancy and at certain points in the menstrual cycle.
Eczema Fast facts
Here are some key points about eczema. More detail and supporting information is in the main article.
- Certain foods can trigger symptoms, such as nuts and dairy.
- Symptoms vary according to the age of the person with eczema, but they often include scaly, itchy patches of skin.
- Eczema can also be triggered by environmental factors like smoke and pollen. However, eczema is not a curable condition.
- Treatment focuses on healing damaged skin and alleviating symptoms. There is not yet a full cure for eczema, but symptoms can be managed.
- Eczema is not a contagious condition.
Eczema Oral Medication
Examples of oral medications for severe eczema symptoms include:
1. azathioprine (Imuran)
4. mycophenolate mofetil.
5. oral steroids, such as prednisolone or prednisone.
Antibiotic For Eczema
How To Cure Eczema Permanently
Are you wondering how you can do away with Eczema for good, well we have some tips that can help you overcome the disease.
- Bathe only in warm water. Hot water dries out skin. …
- Apply moisturizers daily. …
- Avoid too much bathing and hand washing. …
- Limit your contact with skin irritants. …
- Choose cotton clothes that fit comfortably. …
- Avoid getting overheated. …
- Know your triggers. …
- Ease stress.
How To Cure Eczema Fast
Eczema Treatment Cream
- Vaseline Intensive Care Advanced Repair Hand Unscented Lotion. …
- CerVe Moisturizing Cream. …
- Curel Hydra Therapy. …
- Avene XeraCalm A.D Lipid-Replenishing Cream. …
- SkinClinical Extreme Healing Daily Treatment. …
- Mustela Stelatopia Emollient Balm. …
- Cetaphil Daily Hydrating Lotion.
Eczema Home Treatment
1. Light Therapy/Phototherapy
According to the National Eczema Association, phototherapy helps to calm inflammation, reduces itching, increases vitamin D production and helps fight bacteria on the skin. Adding 10–15 minutes a day of sun exposure, particularly during an eczema flare, can provide relief and potentially speed healing.
2. Vitamin D
In addition to increasing sun exposure, supplementing with vitamin D rich foods like cod liver oil, sardines, salmon, eggs and raw milk may help prevent eczema in children and adolescents. Ideally, during a flare you will get 2,000-5,000 IU daily; if your sun exposure is low, consider boosting your intake with a high-quality supplement. Preliminary research shows that low vitamin D levels during pregnancy and during childhood may increase the risk for developing eczema.
Because dry skin is both a cause and symptom, it is imperative to moisturize affected areas at least twice a day. Coconut oil is the perfect moisturizer for eczema sufferers. This eczema treatment is antibacterial and anti-fungal, with antimicrobial properties that provide soothing relief, and may speed healing.
4. Treat the Mind and Body
According to Harvard Medical School, some skin conditions, including eczema, have a psychological component. This is a dynamic is referred to as psychodermatology. Researchers have found that hypnosis, mindfulness meditation, progressive muscle relation, focused breathing, cognitive behavior therapy and talk therapy may provide not only relief during a flare, but expedite healing and prevent future flares.
5. Dead Sea Salt Baths
The Dead Sea is known for its healing powers, and researchers have found that taking a bath with salt from the Dead Sea water improves skin hydration, improved skin barrier function, reduced inflammation, and relieved redness and roughness. As eczema flares can worsen when exposed to high and low temperatures, bath water should be just warm enough to prevent a chill. Do not rub the skin dry; pat gently with a soft towel.
6. Cool, Wet Compresses
Applying a cool, wet compress lessens the itching for some individuals with eczema. For young children, dampening snug night clothes may provide overnight relief from itching; however, if eczema has evolved to oozing blisters, a wet compress may increase the risk of infection, and shouldn’t be used.
7. Apply Itch Cream
The intense itching is often the most miserable part of an eczema flare. Try using a natural homemade eczema cream that incorporates Shea butter, coconut oil, raw honey and essential oils to provide much-needed relief.
8. Licorice Extract
Used topically, licorice root extract shows promise for reducing itching in limited eczema trials. Add a few drops to coconut oil or homemade itch creams for best results.
9. Omega-3 Fatty Acids
Researchers from Norwegian University of Science and Technology have found that when fish is introduced into the diet of young children by the age of 9 months, and fish is eaten weekly, the risk for developing eczema reduces dramatically. Including foods rich in Omega-3s to prevent eczema should be considered. During a flare, these foods are a great eczema treatment that will boost immune system function and speed healing.
Probiotics may help prevent eczema in infants and decrease the severity of flares, research shows. In fact, mothers who take probiotics during pregnancy and while breastfeeding may prevent eczema from developing in their children. During an eczema outbreak and to prevent future flares, taking a high-quality probiotic supplement of 24–100 billion organisms daily should be considered.
11. Lavender Essential Oil
In addition to the intense itching, eczema commonly causes anxiety, depression, frustration and poor sleep. Lavender essential oil is an eczema treatment proven to help reduce these common symptoms that can help heal dry skin. Add 10 drops to 1 tablespoon of coconut oil or almond oil, and gently rub into the skin. The aroma can help facilitate sleep when itching is often at its worst.
12. Vitamin E
Taking 400IU of vitamin E daily can help to speed healing by reducing inflammation. In addition, the topical application of vitamin E may help to relieve the itch and prevent scarring.
13. Witch Hazel
If during a flare the rash starts to ooze, applying witch hazel can help promote healing due to its anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. Research has found that a cream containing witch hazel and phosphatidylcholine can be as effective as hydrocortisone in a double-blind trial. During an outbreak, gently dab this eczema treatment directly onto the rash with a cotton pad. Be sure to use alcohol-free witch hazel as you don’t want to cause more dryness.
Home Remedies For Eczema On Hands And Fingers
Your hands and feet are prime targets for eczema triggers like dry winter air or hot summer days. And flares on your fingers and toes can be itchy and painful. So give these parts of you a little extra TLC.
Cut Back on Hand Washing
Wash your hands only when they’re dirty or have germs, like after you use the bathroom. Each time you wash up, you rinse away some of the nourishing oils that your skin makes.
Also, be picky when you choose soaps, because some have harsh chemicals. Look for products that don’t use the word “soap” but instead say “mild cleansing bars” or “lipid-free cleansers.” These are gentler on sensitive skin.
Before you suds up, take off your rings — they can trap irritants next to your skin. Rinse your hands with lukewarm water, then pat them dry and moisturize before you put your rings back on.
Love the Gloves — for a Little While
Use protective, cotton-lined gloves when you’re doing housework or using cleansers and chemicals. Latex gloves can cause allergic reactions, so it’s best to avoid them. Don’t wear waterproof gloves for too long, though. They can make your hands sweat and lead to an itchy eczema flare-up.
Manage Cracks on Your Hands
If a flare-up makes the skin on your hands crack and bleed, try the “soak and smear” technique.
- Soak your hands in lukewarm water for 5-10 minutes and then pat them dry.
- Next, smear plain petroleum-based ointment all over your hands and put on cotton gloves. Glycerin-based ointments also help heal dry, cracked skin.
- Wear the gloves for at least 30 minutes.
Do this twice a day. If it’s hard to do at work, make sure you moisturize often.
Dial Back the Shower Power
A long, hot shower may sound like your idea of heaven, but it’s anything but paradise for your hands and feet. Instead take short, lukewarm showers each day or every other day to help prevent dry skin. Use mild, soap-free cleansers or body washes that have moisturizer.
After your shower, pat your skin dry. Apply a rich moisturizer while you’re still slightly damp. Look for cleansers and moisturizers that are “fragrance-free” — ingredients that give products a scent can trigger eczema flare-ups.
Save Your Soles
Are your feet often dry and itchy? Your socks may be to blame. Synthetic fabrics and wool can irritate your skin. For everyday wear, choose 100% cotton socks, preferably ones that have not been dyed. Also, change your socks a couple of times during the day if your feet sweat. Damp socks can make eczema worse.