John Hope Franklin Bio, Family, Books, Quotes, Center, Slavery to Freedom and Awards. | John Hope Franklin Bio, Family, Books, Quotes, Center, Slavery to Freedom and Awards.

John Hope Franklin Bio, Family, Books, Quotes, Center, Slavery to Freedom and Awards.

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John Hope Franklin Bio

John Hope Franklin was an American historian of the United States and former president of Phi Beta Kappa, the Organization of American Historians, the American Historical Association, and the Southern Historical Association.

Franklin is best known for his work From Slavery to Freedom, first published in 1947, and continually updated. More than three million copies have been sold. In 1995, he was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the nation’s highest civilian honor.

John Hope Franklin Age

John was born on January 2, 1915, and died on March 25, 2009, at the age of 94 years old.

John Hope Franklin Parents/Family

Franklin was born in Rentiesville, Oklahoma in 1915 to attorney Buck Charles Colbert Franklin (1879–1957) and his wife Mollie Parker Franklin. He was named after John Hope, a prominent educator who was the first African-American president of Atlanta University.

Franklin’s father Buck Colbert Franklin was a civil rights lawyer, aka “Amazing Buck Franklin.” He was of African-American and Choctaw ancestry and born in the Chickasaw Nation in western Indian Territory (formerly Pickens County). He was the seventh of ten children born to David and Milley Franklin.

was a former slave, who became a Chickasaw Freedman when emancipated after the American Civil War. Milley was born free before the war and was of one-fourth Choctaw and three-fourths African-American ancestry. Buck Franklin became a lawyer.

Buck Franklin is best known for defending African-American survivors of the 1921 Tulsa race riot, in which whites had attacked many blacks and buildings, and burned and destroyed the Greenwood District. This was known at the time as the “Black Wall Street”, and was the wealthiest Black community in the United States, a center of black commerce and culture.

Franklin and his colleagues also became experts at oil law, representing “blacks and Native Americans in Oklahoma against white lawyers representing oil barons.”His career demonstrated a strong professional black life in the West, at a time when such accomplishments would have been more difficult to achieve in the Deep South.

John Hope Franklin Wife

Franklin married Aurelia Whittington on June 11, 1940. Their only child, John Whittington Franklin, was born on August 24, 1952. Their marriage lasted 59 years, until January 27, 1999, when Aurelia succumbed to a long illness.

John Hope Franklin Death

Franklin died at Duke University Medical Center on the morning of March 25, 2009.

John Hope Franklin Career

John Hope Franklin graduated from Booker T. Washington High School (then segregated) in Tulsa, Oklahoma. He graduated in 1935 from Fisk University, a historically black university in Nashville, Tennessee, then earned a master’s in 1936 and a doctorate in history in 1941 from Harvard University.

“My challenge,” Franklin said, “was to weave into the fabric of American history enough of the presence of blacks so that the story of the United States could be told adequately and fairly.”

John Hope Franklin

In his autobiography, Franklin has described a series of formative incidents in which he confronted racism while seeking to volunteer his services at the beginning of the Second World War. He responded to the Navy’s search for qualified clerical workers, but after he presented his extensive qualifications, the Navy recruiter told him that he was the wrong color for the position.

He was similarly unsuccessful in finding a position with a War Department historical project.

When he went to have a blood test, as required for the draft, the doctor initially refused to allow him into his office. Afterward, Franklin took steps to avoid the draft, on the basis that the country did not respect him or have an interest in his well-being, because of his color.

In the early 1950s, Franklin served on the NAACP Legal Defense Fund team led by Thurgood Marshall and helped develop the sociological case for Brown v. Board of Education. This case, challenging de jure segregated education in the South, was taken to the United States Supreme Court.

It ruled in 1954 that the legal segregation of black and white children in public schools was unconstitutional, leading to the integration of schools.

Professor and researcher

Franklin’s teaching career began at Fisk University. During WWII, he taught at St. Augustine’s College from 1939 to 1943 and the North Carolina College for Negroes, currently North Carolina Central University from 1943 to 1947.

From 1947 to 1956, he taught at Howard University. In 1956, Franklin was selected to chair the history department at Brooklyn College, the first person of color to head a major history department. Franklin served there until 1964 when he was recruited by the University of Chicago. He spent 1962 as a visiting professor at the University of Cambridge, holding the Professorship of American History and Institutions.

David Levering Lewis, who has twice won the Pulitzer Prize for history, said that while he was deciding to become a historian, he learned that Franklin, his mentor, had been named departmental chairman at Brooklyn College. Now that certainly is a distinction. It had never happened before that a person of color had chaired a major history department. That meant a lot to me. If I had doubts about the viability of a career in history, that example certainly helped put to rest such concerns.

In researching his prize-winning biography of W. E. B. Du Bois, Lewis said he became aware of Franklin’s

courage during that period in the 1950s when Du Bois became an un-person when many progressives were tarred and feathered with the brush of subversion. John Hope Franklin was a rock; he was loyal to his friends. In the case of W. E. B. Du Bois, Franklin spoke out in his defense, not (about) Du Bois’s communism, but of the right of an intellectual to express ideas that were not popular.

I find that admirable. It was a high risk to take and we may be heading again into a period when the free concourse of ideas in the academy will have a price put upon it. In the final years of an active teaching career, I will have John Hope Franklin’s example of high scholarship, great courage, and civic activism.

From 1964 through 1968, Franklin was a professor of history at the University of Chicago, and chair of the department from 1967 to 1970. He was named to the endowed position of John Matthews Manly Distinguished Service Professor, which he held from 1969 to 1982. He was appointed to the Fulbright Board of Foreign Scholarships, 1962–69, and was its chair from 1966 to 1969.

In 1976, the National Endowment for the Humanities selected Franklin for the Jefferson Lecture, the U.S. federal government’s highest honor for achievement in the humanities.[10] Franklin’s three-part lecture became the basis for his book Racial Equality in America.

Franklin was appointed to the U.S. Delegation to the UNESCO General Conference, Belgrade (1980). In 1983, Franklin was appointed as the James B. Duke Professor of History at Duke University. In 1985, he took emeritus status from this position. During this same year, he helped to establish the Durham Literacy Center and served on its Board until his death in 2009.

Franklin was also a Professor of Legal History at the Duke University Law School from 1985 to 1992.

Racial Equality in America

Racial Equality in America is the published lecture series that Franklin presented in 1976 for the Jefferson Lecture sponsored by the National Endowment for Humanities. The book is composed of three lectures, given in three different cities, in which Franklin chronicled the history of race in the United States from revolutionary times to 1976.

These lectures explore the differences between some of the beliefs related to race with the reality documented in various historical and government texts, as well as data gathered from census, property, and literary sources. The first lecture is titled “The Dream Deferred” and discusses the period from the Revolution to 1820. The second lecture is titled “The Old Order Changeth Not” and discusses the rest of the 19th century. The third lecture is titled “Equality Indivisible” and discusses the 20th century.

John Hope Franklin Books

1. From Slavery to Freedom
2. Mirror to America
3. The Militant South 1800-1861
4. George Washington Williams; A Biography

5. The Color Lane
6. Race and History
7. A Southern Odyssey

8. Racial Equality in America
9. The Free Negro in North Carolina
10. The Emancipation Proclamation
11. Color and Race

12. In search of the promised land
13. The Negro in Twentieth-Century America; A Reader on the Struggle for Civil Rights
14. Illustrated History of Black Americans

15. Reconstruction After the Civil War, Third Edition
16. Collecting African American Art; The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston.

18. A Melting Pot Or a Nation of Minorities
19. Vintage Years
20. The Southerner as American
21. Tributes to John Hope Franklin Scholar, Mentor, Father, Friend.

22. Ethnicity in American life
23. Race and the Constitution in the Nineteenth Century; A Time to Tell the Truth about the Role of Race in American Constitutional Development
24. Lincoln and Public Morality: An Address Delivered at the Chicago Historical Society on February 12, 1959

25. What Europeans Should Understand about African-American History
26. Scholarship Today: The Humanities and Social Sciences

28. A Study Guide for From Slavery to Freedom, Fifth Edition
29. African Americans in the Early Republic, 1789-1831
30. The 1980s: Prologue and Prospect
31. Ralph Johnson Bunche: Public Intellectual and Nobel Peace Laureate

John Hope Franklin Quotes

1. “We must go beyond textbooks, go out into the bypaths and untrodden depths of the wilderness and travel and explore and tell the world the glories of our journey;”

2. “Nor could I fail to recall my friendship with Howard K. Beale, professor of American History at the University of North Carolina. There he was, one day in 1940, standing just outside my room in the men’s dormitory at St. Augustine’s, in his Chesterfield topcoat, white silk scarf, and bowler hat, with his calling card in hand, perhaps looking for a silver tray in which to drop it.

Paul Buck, whom he knew at Harvard, had told him to look me up. He wanted to invite me to his home in Chapel Hill to have lunch or dinner and to meet his family. From that point on we saw each other regularly.

After I moved to Durham, he invited me each year to give a lecture on “The Negro in American Social Thought” in one of his classes. One day when I was en route to Beale’s class, I encountered one of his colleagues, who greeted me and inquired where I was going. I returned the greeting and told him that I was going to Howard Beale’s class to give a lecture.

After I began the lecture I noticed that Howard was called out of the class. He returned shortly, and I did not give it another thought. Some years later, after we both had left North Carolina, Howard told me that he had been called out to answer a long-distance phone call from a trustee of the university who had heard that a Negro was lecturing in his class. The trustee ordered Beale to remove me immediately.

In recounting this story, Beale told me that he had said that he was not in the habit of letting trustees plan his courses, and he promptly hung up. Within a few years, Howard accepted a professorship at the University of Wisconsin. A favorite comment from Chapel Hill was that upon his departure from North Carolina, blood pressures went down all over the state.”

3. “We’ve got to tell the unvarnished truth”

4. “Buck learned this the hard way. In 1911, when a client’s case pending in Shreveport, Louisiana, was called, Buck stood as a signal to the judge that he was present and ready to proceed. In disbelief, the presiding judge asked my father why he was standing. When Buck made the simple reply that he was representing his client in the case, the judge retorted that no “nigger” represented anyone in his court. With that pronouncement, my father was ordered to vacate the courtroom.”

5. “[The South’s] obsession was to maintain a government, an economy, an arrangement of the sexes, a relationship of the races, and a social system that had never existed…except in the fertile imagination of those who would not confront either the reality that existed or the change that would bring them closer to reality.”

John Hope Franklin Center

The John Hope Franklin Center for Interdisciplinary and International Studies is located at Duke University in the United States. It is a consortium of programs dedicated to studying and revitalizing theories of how knowledge is gained and exchanged.

John Hope Franklin from Slavery to Freedom

The eighth edition of this best selling text has been thoroughly revised to include expanded material on the slave resistance, the recent history of African Americans in the United States, more on the history of women, and popular culture. The text has also been redesigned with new charts, maps, photographs, paintings, illustrations, and color inserts and an extensive package has been assembled, using technology and other multimedia to bring history to life.

Written by distinguished and award-winning authors, retaining the same features that have made it the most popular text on African American History ever, and with fresh and appealing new features, From Slavery to Freedom remains the most revered, respected, honored text on the market.

John Hope Franklin Awards

1. Presidential Medal of Freedom
2. Guggenheim Fellowship for Humanities, US & Canada
3. Anisfield-Wolf Book Award for Lifetime Achievement

4. American Academy of Arts and Letters Gold Medal for History
5. Spingarn Medal
6. Kluge Prize

7. Jefferson Lecture
8. Helmerich Award
9. St. Louis Literary Award