Who is Neil Armstrong ?
Detailed Neil Armstrong Biography
What is Neil Armstrong Age?
Who’re Neil Armstrong Family Members?
Who’re Neil Armstrong Children?
Who’s Neil Armstrong Wife/ Husband?
What is Neil Armstrong Net Worth 2020?
Neil Armstrong Social Media Accounts
Neil Armstrong Biography
Neil Armstrong was an American astronaut and aeronautical engineer who was the first person to walk on the Moon. He was also a naval aviator, test pilot, and university professor.
Armstrong became a midshipman in 1949, and a naval aviator the following year. He saw action in the Korean War, flying the Grumman F9F Panther from the aircraft carrier USS Essex.
In September 1951, he was hit by anti-aircraft fire while making a low bombing run and was forced to bail out. After the war, he completed his bachelor’s degree at Purdue and became a test pilot at the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) High-Speed Flight Station at Edwards Air Force Base in California.
He was the project pilot on Century Series fighters and flew the North American X-15 seven times. He was also a participant in the U.S. Air Force’s Man in Space Soonest and X-20 Dyna-Soar human spaceflight programs.
Armstrong joined the NASA Astronaut Corps in the second group, which was selected in 1962. He made his first spaceflight as command pilot of Gemini 8 in March 1966, becoming NASA’s first civilian astronaut to fly in space. During this mission with pilot David Scott, he performed the first docking of two spacecraft.
The mission was aborted after Armstrong used some of his re-entry control fuel to stabilize a dangerous roll caused by a stuck thruster. During training for Armstrong’s second and last spaceflight as commander of Apollo 11, he had to eject from the Lunar Landing Research Vehiclemoments before a crash.
In July 1969, Armstrong and Apollo 11 Lunar Module pilot Buzz Aldrin became the first people to land on the Moon and spent two and a half hours outside the spacecraft while Michael Collins remained in lunar orbit in the command and service module. When Armstrong stepped onto the lunar surface, he famously said: “That’s one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind.”
Along with Collins and Aldrin, Armstrong was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President Richard Nixon. President Jimmy Carter presented Armstrong with the Congressional Space Medal of Honor in 1978, and Armstrong and his former crewmates received a Congressional Gold Medal in 2009.
After he resigned from NASA in 1971, Armstrong taught in the Department of Aerospace Engineering at the University of Cincinnati until 1979. He served on the Apollo 13 accident investigation, and on the Rogers Commission, which investigated the Space Shuttle Challenger disaster. He acted as a spokesman for several businesses and appeared in advertising for the automotive brand Chrysler starting in January 1979.
After 1979, he served as a director or chairman of several companies including the Computing Technologies for Aviation (from 1982 to 1992) and the AIL Systems (which later became EDO Corporation) until 2002 when he retired.
Neil Armstrong Age
Armstrong was born on August 5, 1930, near Wapakoneta, Ohio, United States of America. He was born as Neil Alden Armstrong. Armstrong was of American nationality. Armstrong died at eighty-two years of age in 2012.
Neil Armstrong Height
Armstrong was 1.8 meters (5.9 feet) tall.
Neil Armstrong Education
Armstrong obtained his initial education at Blume High School.
He got his bachelor degree from Purdue University in aerospace engineering while a master degree from the University of Southern California in aeronautical engineering. However, he had not completed his degree due to his service as a naval aviator in the Korean War.
He also held honorary doctorate degrees from many universities.
From his early age, he was active in the Boy Scouts of America where he earned the highest rank of Eagle Scout only at the age of 17.
He got flight certificate at the age of 16 and in 1947, he became a naval air cadet.
He started graduation at Purdue University in aeronautical engineering,
After the completion of his degree in 1955, he became a civilian research pilot at National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA), an agency which was later superseded by NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration).
Neil Armstrong Early Life
Armstrong’s love for flying grew during this time, having started early when his father took his two-year-old son to the Cleveland Air Races. When he was five or six, he experienced his first airplane flight in Warren, Ohio, when he and his father took a ride in a Ford Trimotor, also known as the “Tin Goose”.
His father’s last move was in 1944, back to Wapakoneta. Armstrong attended Blume High School and took flying lessons at the grassy Wapakoneta airfield. He earned a student flight certificate on his sixteenth birthday, then soloed in August, all before he had a driver’s license. He was active in the Boy Scouts and earned the rank of Eagle Scout.
As an adult, he was recognized by the Boy Scouts of America with its Distinguished Eagle Scout Award and Silver Buffalo Award. On July 18, 1969, while flying toward the Moon, Armstrong greeted the Scouts. Among the few personal items that he carried with him to the Moon and back was a World Scout Badge.
In 1947, at age 17, Armstrong began studying aeronautical engineering at Purdue University. He was the second person in his family to attend college. He was also accepted to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), but after watching a football game between the Purdue Boilermakers and the Ohio State Buckeyes at the Ohio stadium in 1945, in which the Boilermakers, led by quarterback Bob DeMoss, soundly defeated the highly-regarded Buckeyes, he resolved to go to Purdue.
An uncle who had attended MIT advised him that it was not necessary to go all the way to Cambridge, Massachusetts, for a good education. His college tuition was paid for under the Holloway Plan. Successful applicants committed to two years of study, followed by two years of flight training and one year of service in the U.S. Navy as an aviator, then completion of the final two years of their bachelor’s degree. Armstrong did not take courses in naval science, nor did he join the Naval Reserve Officers Training Corps.
Neil Armstrong Family
Neil was born to Stephen Koenig Armstrong and Viola Louise née Engel. He was of German, Scottish and Scots-Irish ancestry. He was the first of his parents’ three children. Neil had a younger sister, June, and a younger brother, Dean. His father served the Ohio state government as an auditor and consequently, the family resided in different parts of the states at different times, living in as many as 16 towns in 14 years.
Neil Armstrong Wife
Neil Armstrong was married for 38 years to Janet Elizabeth Shearon, his college sweetheart. As revealed by the two, their relationship was largely undefined at the beginning as they had no proper courtship nor did they have a definite engagement. They tied the knot on January 28, 1956, at the Congregational Church in Wilmette, Illinois.
The couple had 3 children together. Their first son Eric was born in 1957, their second son Mark was born in 1963 and their only daughter Karen was born in 1959. Their union ended in divorce in 1994.
Following his divorce from Janet Shearon, Neil Armstrong got married to Carol Held Knight. They remained inseparable until Armstrong’s death on August 25, 2012.
Who is Karen Armstrong?
Karen Armstrong was the name of Neil Amstrong’s only daughter. Sadly, she was diagnosed with a malignant brain tumor in June 1961 when she was just 2 years of age. She received X-ray treatment to suppress the tumor but this adversely affected her health. She eventually died of pneumonia as a result of her weakened immunity on January 28, 1962.
There is also a more popular Karen Armstrong who is a renowned writer from Britain. However, she is not related to Neil Armstrong in any way.
Neil Armstrong Astronaut
In 1962 Armstrong decided to become an astronaut and applied for NASA selection and training. In September 1962 he became America’s first nonmilitary astronaut. His first flight assignment as an astronaut was as a backup, or alternate, a pilot for Gordon Cooper of the Gemini 5 mission.
Armstrong continued his specialized training on the Gemini spacecraft and was selected as the command pilot for the Gemini 8 mission. With copilot David Scott he was launched from Cape Kennedy (now Cape Canaveral), Florida, on March 16, 1966.
The Gemini 8 achieved orbit and docked as planned with another orbiting vehicle, but shortly afterward the Gemini 8 went out of control. Armstrong detached his craft, corrected the problem, and brought Gemini 8 down in the Pacific Ocean only 1.1 nautical miles from the planned landing point.
Armstrong’s cool and professional conduct made a strong impression on his superiors as the training for the Apollo program was developing. During a routine training flight on the lunar (moon) landing research vehicle (a training device that permits astronauts to maneuver a craft in a flight environment similar to that in landing on the Moon), Armstrong’s craft went out of control.
He ejected (forced out) himself and landed by parachute only yards away from the training vehicle, which had crashed in flames. With his usual controlled emotions, he walked away and calmly made his report.
Apollo 11 mission
In January 1969 Armstrong was selected as commander for Apollo 11, the first lunar landing mission. On July 16 at 9:32 A.M. Eastern Daylight Time (EDT), Armstrong, with astronauts Michael Collins and Edwin Aldrin, lifted off from the Kennedy Space Center in Florida.
Apollo 11 passed into the gravitational influence (pull of gravity) of the moon on July 18 and circled the moon twice. Armstrong and Aldrin entered a lunar module (a small spacecraft) named the Eagle, which then disconnected from the larger command and service module named Columbia.
As they descended toward the lunar surface, their computer became overloaded, but under instructions from the mission control center in Houston, Texas, Armstrong managed to land the module.
At 4:17:40 P.M. EDT on July 20, a major portion of the Earth’s population was listening to Armstrong’s radio transmission reporting that the Eagle had landed. At 10:56 P.M. he set foot on the moon, saying, “That’s one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind.”
Armstrong and Aldrin spent nearly two and a half hours walking on the moon. The astronauts set up various scientific instruments on the surface and left behind a plaque (metal plate) reading, “Here men from the planet Earth first set foot upon the Moon.
We came in peace for all mankind.” Armstrong and Aldrin then returned to the Eagle and launched themselves to meet up again with Collins, who had been orbiting in the Columbia spacecraft. On July 24 Columbia returned to earth.
Neil Armstrong Health and Death
Armstrong underwent a heart bypass operation in August 2012. A few weeks later, on August 25, 2012, at the age of 82, Armstrong died of complications resulting from cardiovascular procedures in Cincinnati, Ohio. He was survived by his second wife, Carol, in Indian Hill, Ohio, and his two sons from his first marriage. He and his first wife divorced in 1994.
Shortly after his death, his family released a statement: “For those who may ask what they can do to honor Neil, we have a simple request. Honor his example of service, accomplishment and modesty, and the next time you walk outside on a clear night and see the moon smiling down at you, think of Neil Armstrong and give him a wink.”
News of Armstrong’s death quickly spread around the world. President Obama was among those offering their condolences to his family and sharing their remembrances of the late space pioneer. “Neil was among the greatest of American heroes—not just of his time, but of all time,” Obama said, according to the Los Angeles Times.
His Apollo 11 colleague Buzz Aldrin said that “I know I am joined by millions of others in mourning the passing of a true American hero and the best pilot I ever knew. My friend Neil took the small step but giant leap that changed the world and will forever be remembered as a landmark moment in human history,” according to CBS News.